Drug Information for Diabetes Mellitus Outpatients at RSUD X Surabaya: What was Provided and what was Known?

  • Shieny Agustin Santoso Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, 60293, Indonesia
  • Adji Prayitno Setiadi Center for Medicines Information and Pharmaceutical Care (CMIPC), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, 60293, Indonesia
  • Karina Kumaladewi Widjaja Center for Medicines Information and Pharmaceutical Care (CMIPC), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, 60293, Indonesia
  • Yosi Irawati Wibowo Center for Medicines Information and Pharmaceutical Care (CMIPC), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, 60293, Indonesia

Abstract

The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in Indonesia has increased 0.5% in the last five years. This study aimed to evaluate information provided and level of knowledge among DM patients on their treatment at the outpatient clinic at the X Public Hospital (Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah, RSUD), Surabaya, Indonesia. This was a cross-sectional study using a checklist developed by The Food And Drug Supervisory Agency which consists of 11 types of information. The data were analysed descriptively; to test the relationship between the amount of information provided and the patient's level of knowledge, Spearman correlation analysis was used. A total of 110 patients were included in this study (response rate 90.91%). The mean of information provided and understood by patients was 6.48/11±0.73 and 7.48/11±0.90, respectively. There was a significant relationship between information provided to and known by patients (p=0.001). Characteristic factors such as age (p=0.001), education level (p=0.001), and sources of information related to DM (p=0.014) were shown to influence DM patients' knowledge of their treatment. This study indicated the importance of providing clear and complete drug information, especially for patients on long-term therapy, to improve their knowledge, thus potentially increasing adherence and optimizing therapy outcomes.

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Published
2023-04-28
How to Cite
SANTOSO, Shieny Agustin et al. Drug Information for Diabetes Mellitus Outpatients at RSUD X Surabaya: What was Provided and what was Known?. JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA, [S.l.], v. 21, n. 1, p. 27-33, apr. 2023. ISSN 2614-6495. Available at: <http://jifi.farmasi.univpancasila.ac.id/index.php/jifi/article/view/1104>. Date accessed: 21 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.35814/jifi.v21i1.1104.
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Articles