Antibiotic Prescribing Pattern in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Complications in Panembahan Senopati Bantul Hospital

  • Eva Nurjanah Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, DIY Yogyakarta 55184, Indonesia
  • Daru Estiningsih Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, DIY Yogyakarta 55184, Indonesia
  • Nurul Kusumawardani Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, DIY Yogyakarta 55184, Indonesia
  • Ninisita Sri Hadi General Hospital (RSUP) Dr. Sardjito, DIY Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus, one of the non-communicable diseases (NCDs), is the leading cause of death in addition to cardiovascular disease, cancer, and chronic respiratory disease. The Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) recorded that Yogyakarta experienced a prevalence increase of 97% in 2013-2018, the second-highest in Indonesia. Uncontrolled sugar levels cause deterioration of the immune system. This study aims to determine the pattern of prescribing antibiotics and the occurrence of comorbid complications, both infectious and non-infectious. This was a non-experimental descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. The data was collected from patient's medical records retrospectively from July to December 2019. Furthermore, 65 medical records were taken using a simple random sampling method. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed, and the results were presented as percentages. The percentage of infectious and non-infectious comorbid diabetes mellitus II in Panembahan Senopati Bantul Hospital was 22.2% and 77.8%, respectively. The prescribing pattern primarily used was ceftriaxone (23.5%). The antibiotic class mainly prescribed was cephalosporin (49%).

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Published
2023-04-29
How to Cite
NURJANAH, Eva et al. Antibiotic Prescribing Pattern in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Complications in Panembahan Senopati Bantul Hospital. JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA, [S.l.], v. 21, n. 1, p. 91-95, apr. 2023. ISSN 2614-6495. Available at: <http://jifi.farmasi.univpancasila.ac.id/index.php/jifi/article/view/1150>. Date accessed: 16 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.35814/jifi.v21i1.1150.
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Articles