Cosmos caudatus Kunth. Leaf Extract Herbal Nanosuspension Formulations, Characterization, and Cytotoxicity Approach Against MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells

  • Safira Nafisa Departement of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Pancasila, South Jakarta, Jakarta 12640, Indonesia
  • Siti Umrah Noor Departement of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Pancasila, South Jakarta, Jakarta 12640, Indonesia
  • Azkannufuus Azkannufuus Departement of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Pancasila, South Jakarta, Jakarta 12640, Indonesia
  • Yuslia Noviani Departement of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Pancasila, South Jakarta, Jakarta 12640, Indonesia

Abstract

Kenikir leaves (Cosmos caudatus Kunth.) contain quercetin, which has anticancer properties. To provide more effective complementary therapy for breast cancer, nanotechnology was applied to develop preparations containing kenikir leaf extract. This research aimed to formulate a nanosuspension containing kenikir leaf extract with cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Nanosuspension of kenikir leaf extract was prepared using the ionic gelation method with 3%, 4%, and 5% PVP K-30 stabilizer. The nanosuspension formula with the highest entrapment efficiency was further characterised, including particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), zeta potential, pH, and particle morphology. Cytotoxic activity was tested against MCF-7 cells by the MTT assay. The results showed that the formula with 5% PVP has the highest entrapment efficiency value of 85.04±0.08%, a particle size of 221.9 nm, a PDI of 0.211, a zeta potential of -21.7 mV, a pH of 4.08±0.0, and a spherical morphology. The kenikir leaf extract at a concentration of 1 mg/mL inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells by 23.4% (p<0.05), whereas the nanosuspension at 10 μg/mL inhibited proliferation by 23.7%. It can be concluded that kenikir leaf extract can be formulated into a nanosuspension that meets the physical criteria and has cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 cells.

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Published
2023-10-27
How to Cite
NAFISA, Safira et al. Cosmos caudatus Kunth. Leaf Extract Herbal Nanosuspension Formulations, Characterization, and Cytotoxicity Approach Against MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells. JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA, [S.l.], v. 21, n. 2, p. 286-294, oct. 2023. ISSN 2614-6495. Available at: <http://jifi.farmasi.univpancasila.ac.id/index.php/jifi/article/view/1481>. Date accessed: 25 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.35814/jifi.v21i2.1481.
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Articles