Screening of Kapulaga, Temu putri and Senggugu Potencies for Inhibition of Biofilm Formation

  • TRIANA HERTIANI UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA
  • SINTAYU PUTRI WANDAN SARI UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA
  • FERRY RAHMA PUSPITA UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA
  • NURI IRIYANI UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA
  • SYLVIA UTAMI TUNJUNG PRATIWI UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA

Abstract

Kapulaga fruit, temu putri rhizome and sengugu bark have been reported as antibacterials, suggesting potency to be developed as antibiofilm agents. This research has investigated the inhibition activity on biofilm formation of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Escherichia coli. Following petroleum ether extraction, the remaining biomass was macerated in ethanol 70 %. After solvent evaporation, the ethanol extract was partitioned to yield hexane, ethyl acetate and water fractions. The inhibition activities of ethanol extracts, hexane, ethyl acetate and water fractions of samples were carried out in vitro on microplates flexible U-bottom 96 wells using crystal violet staining and were recorded at λ 595nm. Phytochemical identification were performed by thin layer chromatography. Results showed that extract or fraction samples which have the highest biofilm inhibition activity toward MRSA were hexane fraction of kapulaga IC50 0.23±0.01 mg/mL, temu putri IC50 0.45±0.03 mg/mL and the ethyl acetate fraction of senggugu IC50 0.35±0.022 mg/mL. Biofilm inhibition activity toward E. coli, were shown by the ethyl acetate fractions of kapulaga IC50 0.32±0.17 mg/mL, temu putri IC50 0.46±0.03 mg/mL and senggugu IC50 0.39±0.02 mg/mL.

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Published
2014-04-30
How to Cite
HERTIANI, TRIANA et al. Screening of Kapulaga, Temu putri and Senggugu Potencies for Inhibition of Biofilm Formation. JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 17-24, apr. 2014. ISSN 2614-6495. Available at: <http://jifi.farmasi.univpancasila.ac.id/index.php/jifi/article/view/178>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2019.
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Articles