Correlation Between Appropriateness Prescribing Antibiotics and Clinical Improvement on Hospitalized Patients with Community Acquired Pneumonia Based on The Gyssens Method

  • Cut Fatia Ulfa Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Woro Supadmi Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Dyah Aryani Perwitasari Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Endang Yuniarti Fakultas Farmasi, Stikes Muhammadiyah Gombong

Abstract

Community-acquired pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the pulmonary parenchyma caused by bacterial infection. . The main therapy for community-acquired pneumonia is the use of antibiotics. Inappropriate antibiotics can lead to bacterial resistance. The study aims to determine Appropriateness of antibiotics prescribing using the method Gyssens with clinical improvement. This study is a retrospective analytic cohort descriptive. Data was collected retrospectively based on medical records of inpatients at one of the hospital in Yogyakarta for the January-December 2019 period based. The accuracy of empiric antibiotic prescription using the Gyssens method. The clinical improvements observed were leukocyte count, temperature, respiratory rate. This study was analyzed using the chi square method. The results showed 41 patients met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, male gender (51.2%), age> 60 years 68.3%, the average length of stay was five days. Ceftriaksone is a commonly used antibiotic. Evaluation prescribing appropriateness based on the Gyssens method of 52 antibiotic regimens. appropriate antibiotic prescribing (13.5%) and inappropriate (86.5%). The correlation between appropriateness of antibiotics prescribing with clinical improvement leukocytes count, respiratory rate and temperature did not significant (p> 0.05). There was no correlation between the accurasy of antibiotics prescribing based on the Gyssens method with clinical improvement.

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Published
2021-04-21
How to Cite
ULFA, Cut Fatia et al. Correlation Between Appropriateness Prescribing Antibiotics and Clinical Improvement on Hospitalized Patients with Community Acquired Pneumonia Based on The Gyssens Method. JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 1, p. 30-38, apr. 2021. ISSN 2614-6495. Available at: <http://jifi.farmasi.univpancasila.ac.id/index.php/jifi/article/view/940>. Date accessed: 28 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.35814/jifi.v19i1.940.
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