Effect of Extraction Method on Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Rubus fraxinifolius

  • Yesi Desmiaty Fakultas Farmasi Universitas indonesia dan Universitas Pancasila
  • Berna Elya Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia
  • Fadlina Chany Saputri Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia
  • Iis Irawatty Dewi Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Pancasila
  • Muhammad Hanafi Pusat Penelitian Kimia LIPI, Serpong dan FAkultas Farmasi Universitas Pancasila

Abstract

Rubus fraxinifolius can be founded in the mountainous regions of West Java. Previous studies have shown that this plant has potent antioxidant activity. The content of polyphenol compounds in this species contributes substantially to antioxidant activity, and the extraction method will affect the content of the compound. In this study an evaluation of the extraction method effect on leaves, young fruits and stems of R. fraxinifolius on the content of polyphenols and their antioxidant activity, have been done. Method: The leaves, fruits, and stems of R. fraxinifolius were extracted by maceration, reflux, and soxhlet using methanol as a solvent. Each extract was determined the total polyphenol content using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent and antioxidant activity test using DPPH reduction method. Result: The highest extract yield was R. fraxinifolius leaf reflux extract (30.20%). The highest total polyphenol content was given by the Soxhlet extract of leaf R. fraxinifolius (48.79 mg GAE / g extract). The highest antioxidant activity was leaf Soxhlet extract of R. fraxinifolius (98.29% at 100 ppm). Conclusion: From this study it was shown that the methanol extract of R. fraxinifolius leaves extracted by Soxhlet gave the highest polyphenol content and antioxidant activity.

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Published
2019-10-29
How to Cite
DESMIATY, Yesi et al. Effect of Extraction Method on Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Rubus fraxinifolius. JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, p. 227-231, oct. 2019. ISSN 2614-6495. Available at: <http://jifi.farmasi.univpancasila.ac.id/index.php/jifi/article/view/755>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.35814/jifi.v17i2.755.
Section
Articles